You may not associate the phrase “plastic surgery” with children, but pediatric plastic surgeons play a critical role in caring for children and adolescents with a wide range of conditions.
Some of the more minor conditions we treat include ear malformations/deformities, skin tags, moles, “lumps” and “bumps” and head shape anomalies. Concern about head shape is one of the most common reasons we see kids – while the “Safe to Sleep” campaign has reduced the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome, it has led to a dramatic increase in the frequency of abnormal head shapes. Other very common conditions we treat are ear malformations and congenital hand or foot anomalies – often having an extra finger or toe or having multiple digits connected to each other.
What ear anomalies require a pediatric plastic surgeon?
Ear anomalies cover a wide spectrum, from being prominent on the mild end to completely absent on the severe end. The treatment depends on the condition – prominent ears can be molded in infancy or surgically treated (otoplasty or ‘ear pinning’) at an older age, while an absent ear may require a more involved surgery using cartilage.
What are some of the more complex conditions that require a pediatric plastic surgeon?
These include craniosynostosis, in which the bones of the skull fuse prematurely, cleft lip and palate, breast anomalies, and jaw problems or malocclusion.
What can be done for a malocclusion or “bad bite”?
The jaws can be moved surgically to a better position. There are three common reasons a patient may be a candidate for jaw surgery:
Regardless of the complexity of a patient’s condition, experienced multidisciplinary teams are equipped to provide personalized care using innovative treatment options.
Dr. John Smetona is a pediatric plastic surgeon at Advocate Children’s Hospital.